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Array

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The ones who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones who do.
- Steve Jobs

C Arrays Of String

What Is Array Of Strings

Array of strings is a array which holds strings instead of characters. Arrays of strings are possible by using two-dimensional array or by using pointers. One cannot have array of strings in one dimensional array.

Syntax - Arrays Of String

Syntax
data_type arrayName [size1][size2] = {string1, string2, ..., stringN};

Program - Arrays Of String

array-strings-1.c
#include <stdio.h>
#include .<string.h>
int main()
{
char arr[3][10] = {"INDIA", "AMERICA", "JAPAN"};
printf("%s \n %s \n %s ", arr[0], arr[1], arr[2]);
return 0;
}
  • INDIA
  • AMERICA
  • JAPAN

Note:

Here, the first index 3 represents that we are going to store three strings in an array and the second index 10 represents the maximum length of the strings in an array.

Program - Arrays Of String

Lets code a c program to have a strings in array format by using pointer concept

array-strings-2.c
#include <stdio.h>
#include .<string.h>
int main()
{
char *arr[3] ;
arr[0] = "INDIA";
arr[1] = "AMERICA";
arr[2] = "JAPAN";
printf("%s \n %s \n %s ", arr[0], arr[1], arr[2]);
return 0;
}
  • INDIA
  • AMERICA
  • JAPAN

Note:

Here, index 3 represents that we are going to store three strings in an array of length n.

How it works

  • Here sizeof( arr[0] ) = 4 bytes
  • Here sizeof( arr[1] ) = 4 bytes
  • Here sizeof( arr[2] ) = 4 bytes
  • Lets look closely, is 4 bytes is enough to store a string "India". We know that a character "I" alone takes 1 byte, then "India" itself a 5 bytes,then how can it be, yes you are right, here the answer is impossible.

Then what happens

  • lets imagine, the address of arr[0] is 2293428.
  • arr[0] holds some address as its value, lets say 4214784
  • This address (4214784) holds a value "I" and points to the next address i.e) 4214785
  • Then, address (4214785) holds a value "N" and points to the next address ie) 4214786
  • Then, address (4214786) holds a value "D" and points to the next address ie) 4214787
  • Then, address (4214787) holds a value "I" and points to the next address ie) 4214788
  • Then, address (4214788) holds a value "A" and "\0" Null value to terminate the pointer pointing to next address.
  • Same thing happens for the strings "AMERICA" and "JAPAN"

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