C Foundation

What is C? C Compiler Installation C Extensions C Compiler C Interpreter C Program Structure

C Basics

C Keywords C Data Types C Identifiers C Variables C Constant C Escape Sequences C Constant and Volatile C Typecast

Operators

What is Operator C Comma Operator C Arithmetic Operators C Relational Operators C Logical Operators C Bitwise Operators C Conditional Operators C : : Operator C Operator Priority

Basic IO's

Basic IO's C Formatted Functions C Unformatted Functions C Common Functions

Control Statements

What is Control Statement C if Statement C if else Statement C Nested if Statement C Else if Statement C Break Statement C Continue Statement C Switch Statement C Goto Statement

Looping

What is Control Loop C for Loop C Nested for Loop C while Loop C Nested while Loop C do while Loop C Nested do while loop

Functions

What is Function C User Defined Functions C Recursion C Passing Parameters

Scope

Scope C Local Scope C Global Scope

Storage Classes

What is Storage Class C Auto C Extern C Static C Register

Array

What is Array C One Dimensional Array C Two Dimensional Array C Multi Dimensional Array C Arrays Of Strings

String

What is String C String Functions

Pointer

What is Pointer C Pointers Arithmetic C Pointer to Pointer C Pointers and Arrays C Pointers and Strings C Pointer to Functions Void Pointers Null Pointers C Null and Void Pointer

Structure

What is Structure C Struct within Struct C Array within Structure C Pointer to Structure C Structure and Function C Enum C Bitfield Structure C Type def

Union

What is Union

Files

What is File C read a file C write a file C File Handling C Error Handling C Low Level Disk I/O C Other file functions

Memory Allocation

What is Memory Allocation C Malloc() C Calloc() C Free() C Realloc() C Coreleft()

C Reference

All ASCII Code Basic C Questions

C Interview

C Interview Sets All Star Patterns All Number Patterns All Alphabet Patterns All Series Patterns
The ones who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones who do.
- Steve Jobs

C Structure within Structure

In C, a structure declaration can be placed inside another structure. This is also known as nesting of structure. The declaration is same as the declaration of data type in structure. Structure within structure (or) nesting of structure is used to create complex records. There are two methods to declare a structure within structure. Programmers can use either one method to declare structure within structure.

  • Embedded Structure Declaration
  • Two Separate Structure Declaration

C Program - Structure within Structure - Embedded Declaration

struct-struct.c
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
struct student{
char name[30];
struct avg{
int sub1, sub2, sub3;
float average;
}avg1;
};
struct student stud1;
printf("Enter the Name of the student ");
scanf("%s", stud1.name);
printf("\nEnter the marks of the student ");
scanf("%d %d %d ", &stud1.avg1.sub1, &stud1.avg1.sub2, &stud1.avg1.sub3);
stud1.avg1.average = (stud1.avg1.sub1 + stud1.avg1.sub2 + stud1.avg1.sub3)/3;
printf("\n-------Student Details-------\n ");
printf("%s", stud1.name);
printf("\nsub1: %d \n sub2: %d \n sub3: %d ", stud1.avg1.sub1, stud1.avg1.sub2, stud1.avg1.sub3);
printf("\n Average: %f %", stud1.avg1.average);
return 0;
}
  • Enter the Name of the student siva
  • Enter the marks of the student 78 82 80
  • -------Student Details-------
  • siva
  • sub1: 78
  • sub2: 82
  • sub3: 80
  • Average: 80.000000 %

Note:

The above program uses Embedded type declaration. Structure avg is defined within the structure student.

C Program - Structure within Structure - Two Structure Declaration

struct-struct-2.c
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
struct avg{
int sub1, sub2, sub3;
float average;
}avg1;
struct student{
char name[30];
struct avg avg1;
};
struct student stud1;
printf("Enter the Name of the student ");
scanf("%s", stud1.name);
printf("\nEnter the marks of the student ");
scanf("%d %d %d ", &stud1.avg1.sub1, &stud1.avg1.sub2, &stud1.avg1.sub3);
stud1.avg1.average = (stud1.avg1.sub1 + stud1.avg1.sub2 + stud1.avg1.sub3)/3;
printf("\n-------Student Details-------\n ");
printf("%s",stud1.name);
printf("\nsub1 : %d \n sub2 : %d \n sub3 : %d ",stud1.avg1.sub1, stud1.avg1.sub2, stud1.avg1.sub3);
printf("\nAverage : %f %", stud1.avg1.average);
return 0;
}
  • Enter the Name of the student siva
  • Enter the marks of the student 78 82 80
  • -------Student Details-------
  • siva
  • sub1: 78
  • sub2: 82
  • sub3: 80
  • Average: 80.000000 %

Note:

The above program uses two structure declaration method. Structure avg is defined outside the structure student.

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