C Foundation

What is C? C Compiler Installation C Extensions C Compiler C Interpreter C Program Structure

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Operators

What is Operator C Comma Operator C Arithmetic Operators C Relational Operators C Logical Operators C Bitwise Operators C Conditional Operators C : : Operator C Operator Priority

Basic IO's

Basic IO's C Formatted Functions C Unformatted Functions C Common Functions

Control Statements

What is Control Statement C if Statement C if else Statement C Nested if Statement C Else if Statement C Break Statement C Continue Statement C Switch Statement C Goto Statement

Looping

What is Control Loop C for Loop C Nested for Loop C while Loop C Nested while Loop C do while Loop C Nested do while loop

Functions

What is Function C User Defined Functions C Recursion C Passing Parameters

Scope

Scope C Local Scope C Global Scope

Storage Classes

What is Storage Class C Auto C Extern C Static C Register

Array

What is Array C One Dimensional Array C Two Dimensional Array C Multi Dimensional Array C Arrays Of Strings

String

What is String C String Functions

Pointer

What is Pointer C Pointers Arithmetic C Pointer to Pointer C Pointers and Arrays C Pointers and Strings C Pointer to Functions Void Pointers Null Pointers C Null and Void Pointer

Structure

What is Structure C Struct within Struct C Array within Structure C Pointer to Structure C Structure and Function C Enum C Bitfield Structure C Type def

Union

What is Union

Files

What is File C read a file C write a file C File Handling C Error Handling C Low Level Disk I/O C Other file functions

Memory Allocation

What is Memory Allocation C Malloc() C Calloc() C Free() C Realloc() C Coreleft()

C Reference

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The ones who are crazy enough to think they can change the world are the ones who do.
- Steve Jobs

Perfect Number

What is a Perfect number?

A perfect number is defined to be one which is equal to the sum of all its divisible number. For example let us consider a number 6, the numbers which are all divisible by 6 are 1, 2, 3. Then 1 + 2 + 3 = 6 . Thus 6 is a perfect number.

perfect number

Perfect Number - Examples

Some of the following perfect numbers are

Number Explanation
6 1 + 2 + 3
28 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14
496. 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 31 + 62 + 124 + 248
8128 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 32 + 64 + 127 + 254 + 508 + 1016 + 2032 + 4064

C Program - To Find a Perfect Number

Let us write a c program to find whether a user entered number is a perfect number or not.

c-perfect-number.c
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
int a, b, num;
printf("Enter a number : ");
scanf("%d",&num);
a = 1;
b = 0;
while(num > a)
{
if(num % a == 0)
b = b + a;
a++;
}
if(b == num)
printf("\n%d is a perfect number", a);
else
printf("\n%d is not a perfect number", a);
return 0;
}
Enter a number : 28
28 is a perfect number

Note:

while loop is used for iterating a value from 1 to one number less than user entered number. If the numbers from 1 is divisible by user entered number, then the numbers are added in a dummy variable b. finally we check whether b == user entered number. If so we will declare as a perfect number else it will be declared as not a perfect number.

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